ckWebServicePlugin - 2.3.0

WebService API Plugin.

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ckWebServicePlugin (for symfony 1.1)

The ckWebServicePlugin allows you to build a webservice api for your symfony applications. It comes with a powerful and easy to use wsdl generator, which creates WS-I compliant wsdl files for a maximum of interopability with PHP, .NET and Java clients.

Requirements

  • PHP >= 5.2.4
  • php_soap extension

Installation

To install the latest release, execute:

> symfony plugin:install ckWebServicePlugin

or to install the current revision, checkout the HEAD revision into a plugins/ckWebServicePlugin folder:

> svn co http://svn.symfony-project.com/plugins/ckWebServicePlugin/branches/1.1/

The HEAD revision of the branch is not guaranteed to be stable all the time!

Now configure the plugin how it is described in the next section and clear your cache afterwards.

Configuration

The configuration can be devided into two parts. A basic one, which is mandatory and has to be done in order to get the plugin working. The second, advanced, part is only required under certain circumstances and if you want to leverage the full power of the plugin. So if you are using this plugin the first time you can skip the Advanced section.

Basic

app.yml

Configure general plugin settings in your application's app.yml file.

all:
  # because by default every filter condition is true, we have to set this var
  # to off in all other environments
  enable_soap_parameter: off

# your environment for webservice mode
soap:
  # enable the `ckSoapParameterFilter`
  enable_soap_parameter: on
  ck_web_service_plugin:
    # the location of your wsdl file
    wsdl: %SF_WEB_DIR%/myWebService.wsdl 
    # the class that will be registered as handler for webservice requests
    handler: ckSoapHandler

You will propably have to change the wsdl and handler option after you have run the webservice:generate-wsdl task.

factories.yml

Enable the ckWebServiceController in your application's factories.yml file.

# your environment for webservice mode
soap:
  controller:
    class: ckWebServiceController

filters.yml

Enable the ckSoapParameterFilter in your application's filters.yml file.

soap_parameter:
  class: ckSoapParameterFilter
  param:
    # `app_enable_soap_parameter` has to be set to `on` so the filter is only enabled in soap mode
    condition: %APP_ENABLE_SOAP_PARAMETER%

Advanced

app.yml

In your application's app.yml file you have some more options to configure the internally used SoapServer.

These are:

  • setting the persistence mode:

    # your environment for webservice mode
    soap:
      # ...
      ck_web_service_plugin:
        # ...
        persist: <?php echoln(SOAP_PERSISTENCE_SESSION) ?>

    For further information see documentation on SoapServer::setPersistence().

  • setting the $options array used by SoapServer::__construct():

    # your environment for webservice mode
    soap:
      # ...
      ck_web_service_plugin:
        # ...
        soap_options:
          encoding: utf-8
          soap_version: <?php echoln(SOAP_1_2) ?>

    For further information see documentation on SoapServer::__construct().

  • configuring SOAP Headers:

    # your environment for webservice mode
    soap:
      # ...
      ck_web_service_plugin:
        # ...
        soap_headers:
          # the name of the soap header
          MySoapHeader: 
            # the corresponding data class
            class: MySoapHeaderDataClass
    

    For more details about the usage of SOAP Headers read the section Using SOAP Headers.

module.yml

Every action, which should be callable in webservice mode, needs some configuration so the parameters are accessable through sfRequest::getParameter() and the proper value is returned as result. This configuration is automaticly done by the webservice:generate-wsdl task, if you don't use the task or want to customize something you have to change the module.yml file corresponding to the action.

An example module.yml file:

# your environment for webservice mode
soap:
  # the action name
  action_name:
    # ordered list of the parameters
    parameter: [first_param, second_param]
    # the result adapter
    result:
      # the result adapter class, extending `ckAbstractResultAdapter`
      class: ckPropertyResultAdapter
      # result adapter specific parameters array
      param:
        property: result

The result adapters will be explained in more detail in the section Understanding result adapters.

Using the webservice:generate-wsdl task

Now it is time to start making our actions available as a webservice.

This is best explained with an example, we will use the following action, which will multiply two numbers and is in an application named frontend:

<?php
 
// apps/frontend/modules/math/actions/actions.class.php
class mathActions extends sfActions
{
  /**
   * An action multiplying two numbers.
   *
   * @param sfRequest $request A sfRequest instance
   */
  public function executeMultiply($request)
  {
    $factorA = $request->getParameter('a');
    $factorB = $request->getParameter('b');
 
    if(is_numeric($factorA) && is_numeric($factorB))
    {
      $this->result = $factorA * $factorB;
 
      return sfView::SUCCESS;    
    }
    else
    {
      return sfView::ERROR;
    }        
  }
}

The only thing we will have to do is updating the doc comment:

<?php
 
// apps/frontend/modules/math/actions/actions.class.php
class mathActions extends sfActions
{
  /**
   * An action multiplying two numbers.
   *
   * @WSMethod(webservice='MathApi')
   *
   * @param double $a Factor A
   * @param double $b Factor B
   *
   * @return double The result
   */
  public function executeMultiply($request)
  {
    // nothing changed here...        
  }
}

Changes:

  • a @WSMethod annotation was added to mark the action as available in the MathApi webservice,
  • for every parameter accessible through sfRequest::getParameter() a @param doc tag with type, name and description was added,
  • a @return doc tag with type and description was added,
  • the @param doc tag for $request was removed, because it is not a real parameter required by the action multiply.

Now we are ready to execute the webservice:generate-wsdl task. It is explained in detail in the section Thewebservice:generate-wsdltask in detail.

Execute the task with:

> symfony webservice:generate-wsdl frontend MathApi http://localhost/

Change http://localhost/ to the url you are using for development!

The task will generate a MathApi.wsdl and MathApi.php in your project's web/ folder. Further the task will generate a MathApiHandler.class.php and a BaseMathApiHandler.class.php in the application's lib/ folder.

We have to change the wsdl option in the application's app.yml file to MathApi.wsdl and the handler option to MathApiHandler:

// apps/frontend/config/app.yml
# your environment for webservice mode
soap:
  # ...
  ck_web_service_plugin:
    # the location of your wsdl file, relative to your project's `web/` folder
    wsdl: %SF_WEB_DIR%/MathApi.wsdl
    # the class which will be registered as handler for webservice requests
    handler: MathApiHandler

and we have to clear the cache.

Now it is time to create a test script to ensure everything is working properly. Please refer to the section Functional Testing to see how to setup the test environment.

The script will be named mathApiTest.php and placed under the project's test/functional/ folder. It should look the following way:

<?php
 
// test/functional/mathApiTest.php    
$app   = 'frontend';
$debug = true;
 
include_once(dirname(__FILE__).'/../bootstrap/soaptest.php');
 
$c = new ckTestSoapClient();
 
// test executeMultiply
$c->math_multiply(5, 2)    // call the action
  ->isFaultEmpty()         // check there are no errors
  ->isType('', 'double')   // check the result type is double
  ->is('', 10);            // check the result value is 10

You see the name of the webservice method follows the scheme <moduleName>_<actionName>, because this might be not descriptive enough or an alternative scheme is desired, we will see how to change the method name. To do this we have to change again the action's doc comment:

<?php
 
// apps/frontend/modules/math/actions/actions.class.php
class mathActions extends sfActions
{
  /**
   * An action multiplying two numbers.
   *
   * @WSMethod(name='SimpleMultiply', webservice='MathApi')
   *
   * @param double $a Factor A
   * @param double $b Factor B
   *
   * @return double The result
   */
  public function executeMultiply($request)
  {
    // nothing changed here...        
  }
}

Changes:

  • the parameter name was added to the @WSMethod annotation to specify the method name.

Now we have to regenerate the wsdl, execute:

> symfony webservice:generate-wsdl frontend MathApi http://localhost/

Finally our test script has to be updated:

<?php
 
// test/functional/mathApiTest.php    
$app   = 'frontend';
$debug = true;
 
include_once(dirname(__FILE__).'/../bootstrap/soaptest.php');
 
$c = new ckTestSoapClient();
 
// test executeMultiply
$c->SimpleMultiply(5, 2)
  ->isFaultEmpty()
  ->isType('', 'double')
  ->is('', 10);

You now have a basic overview how to use the plugin, the following sections will explain more advanced features.

The webservice:generate-wsdl task in detail

Its general syntax is:

> symfony webservice:generate-wsdl [--environment=soap] [--enabledebug] app_name webservice_name webservice_base_url

It will do the following things:

  • look through all modules of 'app_name' for actions with the @WSMethod annotation,
  • add the marked actions to the wsdl definition, if:
    • the @WSMethod annotation's webservice parameter equals the 'webservice_name' argument or
    • the 'environment' option has its default value soap and the @WSMethod annotation's webservice parameter is missing,
  • save the wsdl definition to your project's web/ folder as 'webservice_name'.wsdl,
  • create a new controller in your project's web/ folder with name 'webservice_name'.php,
  • add a 'webservice_name'Handler.class.php and a Base'webservice_name'Handler.class.php to the 'app_name''s lib/ folder.

The arguments explained in detail:

  • app_name:
    • specifies the application, which is searched for actions marked with the @WSMethod annotation
  • webservice_name:
    • specifies the name of the webservice
  • webservice_base_url:
    • specifies the url under which the webservice will be accessible

The options explained in detail:

  • environment (short e):
    • sets the environment for webservice mode
    • defaults to soap
    • if you change it, don't forget to change the configuration files accordingly
  • enabledebug (short d):
    • enables the debug mode in the generated controller
    • defaults to false

Understanding result adapters

Until now it wasn't explained how the result of an action is got, we have just seen, that the result was assigned to the $this->result property and a sfView constant was returned, like sfView::SUCCESS.

Because an action should be reusable in web and webservice mode, we can't rely on the return value, because in web mode it always has to be a template name. For this reason the result adpater pattern was introduced. This means to get the action result an adapter object of a subclass of ckAbstractResultAdapter is used. Which one is used is determined by the configuration in the action's module.yml file how it is shown in the Configuration->Advanced->module.yml section. The param array in the module.yml file is passed to the result adapter's constructor and contains adapter specific settings.

There are three built-in adapters:

  • ckPropertyResultAdapter:
    • gets the result from a property of the action object
    • parameters:
      • property:
        • specifies the property name
        • defaults to result
    • if there is only one property, this one is returned, also its name doesn't match the specified property
  • ckMethodResultAdapter:
    • gets the result from a method call on the action object
    • parameters:
      • method:
        • specifies the method name
  • ckRenderResultAdapter:
    • executes the standard render pipeline and returns the resulting text
    • the sf_format is set to soap so template file names have to end with .soap.php, e.g.: indexSuccess.soap.php
    • if this adapter is used the return value has to be string
    • parameters:
      • none

You can easily implement your own adapters by extending the ckAbstractResultAdapter class and overriding the abstract ckAbstractResultAdapter::getResult() method.

Using arrays and objects as parameters or result values

In the previous examples only simple types have been used for parameters and result values, but you propably want to use objects, arrays of simple types or arrays of complex types. To illustrate these features we will stick to the example used earlier.

Let's say we want to multiply any number of factors, not only two:

<?php
 
// apps/frontend/modules/math/actions/actions.class.php
class mathActions extends sfActions
{
  /**
   * An action multiplying any number of factors.
   *
   * @WSMethod(name='SimpleMultiply', webservice='MathApi')
   *
   * @param double[] $factors An array of factors
   *
   * @return double The result
   */
  public function executeMultiply($request)
  {
    $this->result = 1;
 
    foreach($request->getParameter('factors') as $factor)
    {
      $this->result *= $factor;
    }
  }
}

Changes:

  • the @param doc tags for factor $a and $b have been replaced with one @param doc tag for the factors array,
  • the action body changed to iterate over the array of factors.

As you can see the array type is indicated by the [], you can add the square brackets to any type to identify an array of the type should be used.

Because array types are complex data types, we have to add a mapping to the application's app.yml file:

// apps/frontend/config/app.yml
soap:
  # ...
  ck_web_service_plugin:
    # ...
    soap_options:
      classmap:
        # mapping of wsdl types to PHP types
        DoubleArray: ckGenericArray

The generated array type names follow the scheme <TypeName>Array.

Use ckGenericArray as PHP mapping type for any array type you use, so you can use the transferred array object like a normal PHP array (iterate, index, ...).

The last thing to do is: regenerate the wsdl file with the webservice:generate-wsdl task and clear the cache.

Our test script might look like this now:

<?php
 
// test/functional/mathApiTest.php    
$app   = 'frontend';
$debug = true;
 
include_once(dirname(__FILE__).'/../bootstrap/soaptest.php');
 
$c = new ckTestSoapClient();
 
// test executeMultiply
$c->SimpleMultiply(array(1, 2, 3, 4))
  ->isFaultEmpty()
  ->isType('', 'double')
  ->is('', 24);

As example for the use of classes, we will implement the multiplication example for complex numbers.

Because complex numbers aren't nativly supported in PHP, we have to create our own ComplexNumber.class.php in the applications lib/ folder with the following content:

<?php
 
// apps/frontend/lib/ComplexNumber.class.php
class ComplexNumber
{
  /**
   * @var double
   */
  public $realPart;
 
  /**
   * @var double
   */
  public $imaginaryPart;
 
  public function __construct($realPart, $imaginaryPart)
  {
    $this->realPart      = $realPart;
    $this->imaginaryPart = $imaginaryPart;
  }
 
  public function __toString()
  {
    return sprintf('%.2f + %.2fi', $this->realPart, $this->imaginaryPart);
  }
 
  public function multiply($c)
  {
    $real      = $this->realPart * $c->realPart - $this->imaginaryPart * $c->imaginaryPart;
    $imaginary = $this->realPart * $c->imaginaryPart - $this->imaginaryPart * $c->realPart;
    return new ComplexNumber($real, $imaginary);
  }
}

It is important to add the @var doc tag with the type and an optional desciption to the properties of the class, so they will appear in the wsdl file.

Now let's modify the mathActions class by adding a new action, called ComplexMultiply:

<?php
 
// apps/frontend/modules/math/actions/actions.class.php
class mathActions extends sfActions
{
  // nothing changed here...
 
  /**
   * An action multiplying any number of complex factors.
   *
   * @WSMethod(name='ComplexMultiply', webservice='MathApi')
   *
   * @param ComplexNumber[] $input
   *
   * @return ComplexNumber
   */
  public function executeComplexMultiply($request)
  {
    $this->result = new ComplexNumber(1, 0);
 
    foreach($request->getParameter('input') as $c)
    {
      $this->result = $this->result->multiply($c);
    }
  }
}

Again we have to update the classmap in the application's app.yml file:

// apps/frontend/config/app.yml
soap:
  # ...
  ck_web_service_plugin:
    # ...
    soap_options:
      classmap:
        # mapping of wsdl types to PHP types
        DoubleArray:        ckGenericArray
        ComplexNumber:      ComplexNumber
        ComplexNumberArray: ckGenericArray

Finally regenerate the wsdl file once more and clear the cache.

Our updated test script will look something like this:

<?php
 
// test/functional/mathApiTest.php    
$app   = 'frontend';
$debug = true;
 
include_once(dirname(__FILE__).'/../bootstrap/soaptest.php');
 
class ClientComplexNumber
{
  public $realPart;
 
  public $imaginaryPart;
 
  public function __construct($realPart, $imaginaryPart)
  {
    $this->realPart      = $realPart;
    $this->imaginaryPart = $imaginaryPart;
  }
}
 
$options = array(
  'classmap' => array(
    'ComplexNumber' => 'ClientComplexNumber',
  ),
);
 
$c = new ckTestSoapClient($options);
 
// test executeMultiply
// ...
 
// test executeComplexMultiply    
$cn = new ClientComplexNumber(1, 0);
 
$c->ComplexMultiply(array(clone $cn, clone $cn))
  ->isFaultEmpty()
  ->isType('', 'ClientComplexNumber')
  ->isType('realPart', 'double')
  ->is('realPart', 1)
  ->isType('imaginaryPart', 'double')
  ->is('imaginaryPart', 0);

As you see, we have added a lightweight definition of the ComplexNumber class called ClientComplexNumber, because it is likely that you don't have the same class definition at client and server, only the names and types of the properties will match.

Often the objects you want to return or pass in as parameter are not as simple as the shown ComplexNumber, e.g. Doctrine or Propel objects or objects which have a JavaBean-style class, so the properties are only accessible through getter and setter methods.

The plugin also offers a solution for this problem. Therefor it introduces so called property strategies, they have two purposes, the first is to determine which properties a class has when the wsdl is generated, the second purpose is to access those properties at runtime.

There are already four property strategy implementations:

  • ckDefaultPropertyStrategy:
    • provides access to all public properties
    • each property needs to have a proper doc comment so its type can be determined
    • it is used if there is no other property strategy specified (so it was already used in the background in the ComplexNumber example)
  • ckBeanPropertyStrategy:
    • provides access to JavaBean-like properties with getter and setter methods
    • each getter method needs to have proper doc comment so the property type can be determined
  • ckDoctrinePropertyStrategy:
    • provides access to all properties you defined in your schema.yml for Doctrine objects
  • ckPropelPropertyStrategy:
    • provides access to all properties you defined in your schema.yml for Propel objects

You can implement your own property strategy by extending ckAbstractPropertyStrategy.

To apply a property strategy to a class you have to add a @PropertyStrategy annotation to the class with the class name of the property strategy as parameter.

Here are two examples:

  • JavaBean-like class:

    <?php 
     
    // apps/frontend/lib/UserBean.class.php
    /**
     * @PropertyStrategy('ckBeanPropertyStrategy')
     */
    class UserBean
    {
      private $_name;
     
      /**
       * Gets the user name.
       *
       * @return string The user name
       */
      public function getName()
      {
        return $this->_name;
      }
     
      /**
       * Sets the user name to a given value.
       *
       * @param string $name A name
       */
      public function setName($name)
      {
        $this->_name = $name;
      }
    }
  • Doctrine class:

    <?php
     
    // lib/model/doctrine/Article.class.php
    /**
     * @PropertyStrategy('ckDoctrinePropertyStrategy')
     */
    class Article extends BaseArticle
    {
    }

There is one important thing you have to note:

If you you want to use those classes as parameter for your methods, you have to map them in your app.yml to ckGenericObjectAdapter_<classname>. So the app.yml for the Article and UserBean class shown above would look like:

// apps/frontend/config/app.yml
soap:
  # ...
  ck_web_service_plugin:
    # ...
    soap_options:
      classmap:
        # mapping of wsdl types to PHP types
        UserBean: ckGenericObjectAdapter_UserBean
        Article:  ckGenericObjectAdapter_Article

Collections in Doctrine and Propel objects are represented as arrays in the wsdl, so suppose the Article class has many Comment objects and Comment is also a Doctrine class annotated with @PropertyStrategy('ckDoctrinePropertyStrategy'). The app.yml would be:

// apps/frontend/config/app.yml
soap:
  # ...
  ck_web_service_plugin:
    # ...
    soap_options:
      classmap:
        # mapping of wsdl types to PHP types
        UserBean:     ckGenericObjectAdapter_UserBean
        Article:      ckGenericObjectAdapter_Article
        Comment:      ckGenericObjectAdapter_Comment
        CommentArray: ckGenericArray

This is everything you have to do to use such complex classes!

Do not forget to validate objects you get as a parameter!

In this section you have learned how to work with arrays and classes, the next section covers the usage of SOAP Headers.

Using SOAP Headers

SOAP Headers provide a way to send additional information, which are not directly or semantically related to the original method call. An good example for this are authentication information, so the use of a certain method can be restricted to a group of users.

To demonstrate the support for SOAP Headers, we will stick to the simple multiplication example used previously.

The authentication mechanism used here is not secure unless you use https, it is just used for demonstration purpose and to keep the example simple!

First we will modify the mathActions class the following way:

<?php
 
// apps/frontend/modules/math/actions/actions.class.php
class mathActions extends sfActions
{
  /**
   * An action multiplying two numbers.
   *
   * @WSMethod(name='SimpleMultiply', webservice='MathApi')
   * @WSHeader(name='AuthHeader', type='AuthData')
   *
   * @param double $a Factor A
   * @param double $b Factor B
   *
   * @return double The result
   */
  public function executeMultiply($request)
  {
    $factorA = $request->getParameter('a');
    $factorB = $request->getParameter('b');
 
    if($this->getUser()->isAuthenticated() && is_numeric($factorA) && is_numeric($factorB))
    {
      $this->result = $factorA * $factorB;
 
      return sfView::SUCCESS;    
    }
    else
    {
      return sfView::ERROR;
    }
  }
}

Changes:

  • a @WSHeader annotation was added, specifying the name (AuthHeader) of the SOAP Header and the data class (AuthData), which holds the data of the SOAP header,
  • an authentication check was added, so the multiplication is only done, if the user was authenticated successfully.

To get this example working we have to define the AuthData class, so let's create a AuthData.class.php file in the application's lib folder with the following content:

<?php
 
// apps/frontend/lib/AuthData.class.php
class AuthData
{
  /**
   * @var string
   */
   public $username;
 
   /**
    * @var string
    */
   public $password;
}

Afterwards we have to edit the application's app.yml file:

// apps/frontend/config/app.yml
soap:
  # ...
  ck_web_service_plugin:
    # ...
    soap_headers:
      AuthHeader:
        class: AuthData

When the application receives a SOAP Header a webservice.handle_header event is dispatched (it is a notifyUntil event), it has two attributes, the first is header holding the name of the header and the second is data containing an instance of the header's data class. To do the authentication stuff in our example we will define an AuthHeaderListener class by creating an AuthHeaderListener.class.php in the application's lib/ folder with the following content:

<?php
 
// apps/frontend/lib/AuthHeaderListener.class.php
class AuthHeaderListener
{
  const HEADER = 'AuthHeader';
 
  public static function handleAuthHeader($event)
  {
    if($event['header'] == self::HEADER)
    {
      if($event['data']->username == 'test' && $event['data']->password == 'secret')
      {
        sfContext::getInstance()->getUser()->setAuthenticated(true);
      }
 
      return true;
    }
    else
    {
      return false;
    }
  }
}

We have to register this event listener in the application's configuration class (assuming the application's name is frontend, this would be frontendConfiguration.class.php).

The modified configuration class would look something like this:

<?php
 
// apps/frontend/config/frontendConfiguration.class.php
class frontendConfiguration extends sfApplicationConfiguration
{
  public function configure()
  {
    $this->dispatcher->connect('webservice.handle_header', array('AuthHeaderListener', 'handleAuthHeader'));
  }
}

The example is now ready to work, regenerate the wsdl file and clear the cache.

The last missing thing is the updated test script:

<?php
 
// test/functional/mathApiTest.php    
$app   = 'frontend';
$debug = true;
 
include_once(dirname(__FILE__).'/../bootstrap/soaptest.php');
 
class ClientComplexNumber
{
  // ...
}
 
class ClientAuthData
{
  public $username;
  public $password;
 
  public function __construct($username, $password)
  {
    $this->username = $username;
    $this->password = $password;
  }
}
 
$options = array(
  'classmap' => array(
    'ComplexNumber' => 'ClientComplexNumber',
    'AuthHeader'    => 'ClientAuthData',
  ),
);
 
$c = new ckTestSoapClient($options);
 
// test executeMultiply
$authData = new ClientAuthData('test', 'secret');    
 
$c->addRequestHeader('AuthHeaderElement', $authData)
  ->SimpleMultiply(5, 2)
  ->isFaultEmpty()
  ->isHeaderType('AuthHeaderElement', 'ClientAuthData')
  ->isHeader('AuthHeaderElement.username', 'test')
  ->isHeader('AuthHeaderElement.password', 'secret')
  ->isType('', 'double')
  ->is('', 10);
 
// test executeComplexMultiply
// ...

When adding or accessing a SOAP Header its name has to end with Element.

This section demonstrated the use of SOAP Headers, so now you have seen nearly all features this plugin has to offer.

Throwing SOAP Faults

The equivalent to exceptions in SOAP are so called SOAP Faults. The plugin supports a simple translation of exceptions to SOAP Faults, but also allows you to throw your own SOAP Faults.

To demonstrate the feature we will extend the authentication example from the last section.

First to demonstrate what happens if an exception is thrown, we will modify the multiply action to throw an exception if the user is not authenticated. The modified mathActions class will look like this:

<?php
 
// apps/frontend/modules/math/actions/actions.class.php
class mathActions extends sfActions
{
  /**
   * An action multiplying two numbers.
   *
   * @WSMethod(name='SimpleMultiply', webservice='MathApi')
   * @WSHeader(name='AuthHeader', type='AuthData')
   *
   * @param double $a Factor A
   * @param double $b Factor B
   *
   * @return double The result
   */
  public function executeMultiply($request)
  {
    if(!$this->getUser()->isAuthenticated())
    {
      throw new sfSecurityException('Unauthenticated user!');
    }
 
    $factorA = $request->getParameter('a');
    $factorB = $request->getParameter('b');
 
    if(is_numeric($factorA) && is_numeric($factorB))
    {
      $this->result = $factorA * $factorB;
 
      return sfView::SUCCESS;    
    }
    else
    {
      return sfView::ERROR;
    }
  }
}

How the exception is translated to a SOAP Fault depends on the value of sf_debug. If debugging is disabled every exception will be translated to a standard SOAP Fault with the message 'Internal Server Error', otherwise if debugging is enabled the message, the type and the stack trace of the exception will be send to the client.

An example test script for the method with debugging enabled:

<?php
 
// test/functional/mathApiTest.php    
$app   = 'frontend';
$debug = true;
 
include_once(dirname(__FILE__).'/../bootstrap/soaptest.php');
 
$options = array(
  'classmap' => array(
  ),
);
 
$c = new ckTestSoapClient($options);
$c->SimpleMultiply(2, 5)
  ->hasFault('Unauthenticated user!')
  ;

A test script for the same method but with debugging disabled:

<?php
 
// test/functional/mathApiTest.php    
$app   = 'frontend';
$debug = false;
 
include_once(dirname(__FILE__).'/../bootstrap/soaptest.php');
 
$options = array(
  'classmap' => array(
  ),
);
 
$c = new ckTestSoapClient($options);
$c->SimpleMultiply(2, 5)
  ->hasFault('Internal Server Error')
  ;

The next example shows how to throw our own SOAP Fault if we are in webservice mode.

<?php
 
// apps/frontend/modules/math/actions/actions.class.php
class mathActions extends sfActions
{
  /**
   * An action multiplying two numbers.
   *
   * @WSMethod(name='SimpleMultiply', webservice='MathApi')
   * @WSHeader(name='AuthHeader', type='AuthData')
   *
   * @param double $a Factor A
   * @param double $b Factor B
   *
   * @return double The result
   */
  public function executeMultiply($request)
  {
    if(!$this->getUser()->isAuthenticated())
    {
      $e = $this->isSoapRequest() ? new SoapFault('Server', 'Unauthenticated user!') : new sfSecurityException('Unauthenticated user!');
      throw $e;
    }
 
    $factorA = $request->getParameter('a');
    $factorB = $request->getParameter('b');
 
    if(is_numeric($factorA) && is_numeric($factorB))
    {
      $this->result = $factorA * $factorB;
 
      return sfView::SUCCESS;    
    }
    else
    {
      return sfView::ERROR;
    }
  }
}

Functional Testing

The symfony framework promotes the paradigm of test driven development, so it is just natural that this plugin offers you possibilities to test your webservices. The following two sections show you how to setup a test environment and how to use ckTestSoapClient for testing.

Test Environment Setup

The setup of a test environment is similar to the configuration described in the section Configuration, only the environment name changes from soap to soaptest, though you can use any other name you like.

The changes to the configuration files are:

  • app.yml:

    Copy the configuration of the soap to the soaptest environment, e.g.:

    # ...
    soaptest:
      enable_soap_parameter: on
      ck_web_service_plugin:
        wsdl: %SF_WEB_DIR%/myWebService.wsdl
        handler: ckSoapHandler
    
  • factories.yml:

    Add the following configuration:

    # ...
    soaptest:
      storage:
        class: sfSessionTestStorage
        param:
          session_path: %SF_TEST_CACHE_DIR%/sessions
      controller:
        class: ckWebServiceController
    
  • filters.yml:

    Remains unchanged, because it is environment independent.

To finish the setup you have to create a bootstrap script for the soaptest environment in the project's test/bootstrap/ folder.

It will be named soaptest.php and will have the following content:

<?php
 
require_once dirname(__FILE__).'/../../config/ProjectConfiguration.class.php';
$configuration = ProjectConfiguration::getApplicationConfiguration($app, isset($env) ? $env : 'soaptest', isset($debug) ? $debug : true);
require_once($configuration->getSymfonyLibDir().'/vendor/lime/lime.php');
 
sfContext::createInstance($configuration);
 
// remove all cache
sfToolkit::clearDirectory(sfConfig::get('sf_app_cache_dir'));

This is the same as the default functional.php script except the environment parameter of ProjectConfiguration::getApplicationConfiguration() can be changed with the $env variable and defaults to soaptest.

You have to run the webservice:generate-wsdl task always twice, once for the soap environment and once for the soaptest environment, do not forget to set the --environment switch to the proper value.

Using ckTestSoapClient

The ckTestSoapClient class lets you dispatch webservice requests to your symfony application without the need of a webserver. Additionally it offers several evaluation methods for the result of each request.

A good starting point for every test script is the following template:

<?php
 
$app   = 'frontend';
$debug = true;
 
include_once(dirname(__FILE__).'/../bootstrap/soaptest.php');
 
$options = array(
  'classmap' => array(
  ),
);
 
$c = new ckTestSoapClient($options);

Change the $app variable to the name of the application you want to test.

The $options array supplied to the constructor is the same as the one of PHP's SoapClient constructor.

Calling a SOAP Action is quite easy, just use it as it would be a method of the ckTestSoapClient object:

$c->myMethod($param1, $param2);

The call does not directly return the result, instead it returns the ckTestSoapClient object, this offers you a so called fluent interface how it is often found in the symfony framework.

To get the actual result you have to call the getResult() method:

$result = $c->myMethod($param1, $param2)
            ->getResult();

For evaluating the result, the ckTestSoapClient class offers three methods: is() checks the value, isType() checks the type and isCount() checks the element count, useful when the result is an array.

The first argument is always a child element selector, so you can easily access and check properties or array elements, the second argument is a value to check against.

A child element selector can either be empty so the result itself is accessed or arbitrary count of property names or array indexes separated by a . (dot).

Some examples for selectors:

  • '' accesses the result,
  • 'name' accesses the name property of the result object,
  • '1.name' accesses the name property of the second object in the result array,
  • 'cities.0.name' accesses the name property of the first object in the cities array, which is a property of the result object.

Various examples for the use of the three methods is(), isType() and isCount() can be found in the test scripts given in this README.

You can also add SOAP Headers for the next request with the addRequestHeader() method, whichs first parameter is the header name and the second is the data object, e.g.:

$c->addRequestHeader('MyHeaderElement', new MyHeaderData('content'))
  ->myMethodWithHeader();

The headers are cleared after each request, so do not forget to add them again if you need them more then once.

Similar to the evaluation methods for the result, there are three methods to evaluate the response headers. These are isHeader(), isHeaderType() and isHeaderCount(). The parameter list is the same, but the child element selector has to contain at least the header name, e.g.:

$c->addRequestHeader('MyHeaderElement', new MyHeaderData('content'))
  ->myMethodWithHeader()
  ->isHeader('MyHeaderElement.myContent', 'content');

The ckTestSoapClient has also methods to check the result for SoapFaults. One method is isFaultEmpty() it is usefull to check that the response contains no SoapFaults, e.g.:

$c->myMethod()
  ->isFaultEmpty()
  ->is('', 1);

Another method is hasFault() it checks if a SoapFault with the given message exists.

$c->myMethod()
  ->hasFault('Internal Server Error');

The method is at all quite similiar to the throwsException() method of sfTestBrowser.

So finally this section has shown you how to write functional tests for your webservices by using the ckTestSoapClient class.

Reference

Supported simple types

All primitive PHP types are supported:

  • string maps to xsd:string
  • integer or int maps to xsd:int
  • float or double maps to xsd:double
  • boolean or bool maps to xsd:boolean

Tips'n Tricks

Disable wsdl caching during development

If you often regenerate your wsdl file during development, you propably want to disable caching of this file, so changes become usable immediatly.

You can do this by modifying your php.ini:

soap.wsdl_cache_enabled=0

Checking for webservice mode

If you want to check in an action if it is executed in webservice mode, you can use the isSoapRequest() method, e.g.:

<?php
 
class FooActions extends sfActions
{
  /**
   * Some description...
   *
   * @WSMethod(webservice='MyApi')
   */
  public function executeBar($request)
  {
    if($this->isSoapRequest())
    {
      // do this only in webservice mode...
    }
 
    // do this always...
  }
}

Create multiple webservices for one application

In earlier releases there could only exist one webservice per symfony application. This has changed with the introduction of the @WSMethod annotation, you can now specify to which webservice an action belongs with the webservice parameter of the annotation. But it is important to notice that there has to be one environment per webservice!

Adding an action to multiple webservices

It is possible to add an action to more then one webservice, because the webservice parameter of the @WSMethod annotation accepts also an array of values. The action shown in the following example will be available in the webservices MyWebserviceA and MyWebserviceB:

<?php
 
class FooActions extends sfActions
{
  /**
   * Some description...
   *
   * @WSMethod(webservice={'MyWebserviceA', 'MyWebserviceB'})
   */
  public function executeBar($request)
  {
    // ...
  }
}

Support

If you have any questions concerning the use of the plugin, send me an email to: christian-kerl [at] web [dot] de

Contribution

If you have feature suggestions, bug reports, patches, usage examples for the documentation or want to become an active contributor, send me an email to: christian-kerl [at] web [dot] de

In case you use the Symfony Trac ticket system for bug reports assign the ticket to chrisk or send me an email with a link to the ticket! This ensures I notice and work on the ticket in time.

Any help is welcome!