sfDomainRoutePlugin - 0.1.3

Extend Symfony's routing to allow effective use of domains and subdomains

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sfDomainRoute plugin

The sfDomainRoutePlugin extends Symfony's routing to allow effective use of subdomains and domains.


  • Pass and retrieve parameters in the subdomain.
  • Limit routes to certain domains or subdomains.
  • Generate urls across subdomains.


  • Install the plugin

    $ symfony plugin:install sfDomainRoutePlugin
  • Clear your cache

    $ symfony cc
  • Configure your routes.


To access extra features in a route, you must define its class as sfDomainRoute in routing.yml

  url:          /
  class:        sfDomainRoute
  param:        { module: subdomain, action: index }

To get the subdomain value in your action, simply access it like any other request parameter:

$this->subdomain = $request->getParameter('subdomain');

To limit a route to a specific domain or subdomain, add sf_host to its requirements:

  url:          /
  class:        sfDomainRoute
  param:        { module: homepage, action: index }
    sf_host:    www.greenanysite.com

If you'd like this route to have more than one domain or subdomain in its requirements, define sf_host as an array:

  url:          /
  class:        sfDomainRoute
  param:        { module: homepage, action: index }
    sf_host:    [www.greenanysite.com, greenanysite.com]

Generating urls will still work as expected.

Important - While it may be obvious why you need to set routes that use extra domain features, as sfDomainRoute, there is one more limitation that is a bit less obvious. Any routes that you link to from a page with a subdomain must also be of a class sfDomainRoute. No other change is necessary for those routes beyond changing their class.

For example, if you are linking to your download page (www.domain.com/download) from a user page (user.domain.com) you will need to define the route for @download as sfDomainRoute.

The reason for this requirements is that Symfony's own default class for routes will not recognize that the current address is a subdomain and generate either a relative url or an absolute url using the current domain/subdomain, either way the link will still lead to the current subdomain. By defining the linked route as being sfDomainRoute, we can make sure to generate a www.domain.com link for it.

Full Working Example

Define routes for root directory with and without subdomains

# apps/frontend/config/routing.yml
#Sample route limited to a number of subdomains
  url:          /
  class:        sfDomainRoute
  param:        { module: homepage, action: index }
    sf_host:    [www.greenanysite.com, greenanysite.com]
#Sample route limited to one subdomain
  url:          /
  class:        sfDomainRoute
  param:        { module: blog, action: index }
    sf_host:    blog.greenanysite.com
#Sample route that will capture the subdomain name as a parameter
  url:          /
  class:        sfDomainRoute
  param:        { module: user, action: index }
#Sample route that will not receive a subdomain and will default to www.greenanysite.com
  url:          /install
  class:        sfDomainRoute
  param:        { module: install, action: index }

Notice how @homepage is defined before user page. routing.yml is parsed sequentially, so if @user_page was before @homepage it would've captured www.greenanysite.com as a user page with a user name of www.

Notice also that @install is also defined as sfDomainRoute even though it seemingly doesn't use any special domain features. This is done since we'll be linking to this page from a subdomain Otherwise it will default to sfRoute which doesn't recognize the subdomain and we'll end up with user.greenanysite.com/install instead of www.greenanysite.com/install (see Documentation above for a more detailed explanation.)

Access Subdomain as a Parameter

// apps/frontend/modules/user/actions/actions.class.php
$this->username = $request->getParameter('subdomain');

Generate URLs

Urls are still generated as expected:

// apps/frontend/modules/user/templates/indexSuccess.php
// will generate a link to zzzrbyte.greenanysite.com (works across subdomains. e.g if user is
// on talater.greenanysite.com and linking to zzzrbyte.greenanysite.com)
echo link_to('zzzrbyte', '@user_page?subdomain=zzzrbyte');
// It even works with POST without specifying method requirements (unlike sfRequestRoute)
echo '<form action="'.url_for('@user_page?subdomain=zzzrbyte').'" method="POST">';
// It will also successfully generate a link to www.greenanysite.com/install from the current
// subdomain (talater.greenanysite.com) because @install has been defined as sfDomainRoute.
echo link_to('install', '@install');

Bugs and Things To Do

If you find any bugs, have any ideas or just want to talk to me about the plugin, you can use the issue tracker at http://code.google.com/p/sfdomaineouteplugin/issues/list or email me (tal at talater dot com)

  • BUG: The code to generate links only works with domains of the form domain.tld and will fail on addresses such as domain.co.il
  • TODO: Full support for routing based on domain names (not just subdomains)
  • TODO: Let a user choose the name of the parameter which will contain the subdomain value (instead of the default parameter name of subdomain)
  • TODO: Create classes that extend sfPropelRoute and sfDoctrineRoute (i.e. sfPropelDomainRoute and sfDoctrineDomainRoute)
  • TODO: Add sf_exclude_subdomain to requirements. Will allow defining a route that won't match on certain subdomains. For example:

      url:                    /
      class:                  sfDomainRoute
      param:                  { module: user, action: index }
        sf_exclude_subdomain: [www, blog]